Sailing Instructions

1. Racing Rules

(a) Racing shall be conducted under the I.S.A.F. Racing Rules of Sailing (R.R.S.) 2017-2020 and the class rules of the competing boats, as modified by these Sailing instructions.
(i) A copy of the Racing Rules of Sailing (including AS Prescriptions) is available from:
(ii) The Club will sail all races during the season using the RRS adopted at the commencement of the season.

2. Race Officer responsibilities
a) The Commodore (or their substitute – see 2b) shall be the Principal Race Officer (P.R.O.).
b) In the absence of the Commodore the PR.O. will be selected from the officers listed below in order of precedence:
– Vice Commodore
– Rear Commodore
c) In the event that the Commodore, Vice Commodore and Rear Commodore are not available, members of the Sailing Committee who are present will elect the P.R.O.
d) The P.R.O. will confirm and announce the Race Officer (R.O.) at the Race Briefing.
e) The P.R.O. is responsible for:
• providing the race briefing
• determining the course of the race
• confirming that all skippers intending to sail meet requirements of a basic assessment of competency to sail a dinghy in tidal rivers
• deciding whether or not to start the race, taking into account the number and competency of skippers and crew intending to sail, expected wind and tide conditions during the race, the availability of support boat operators and core members of the race management team
• providing advice to the R.O. during the race on key race decisions such as abandonment of the race or shortening of the course
• oversight of Race Management Team activities
f) The R.O. is responsible for the safe conduct of the race, including duties such as:
• coordination of activities of all members of the Race Management Team
• ensuring that sign-on and sign-off sheets are available for completion by sailors
• ensuring all members of the on-water Race Management Team sign-on and sign-off
• setting of buoys
• starting the race
• ensuring that the driver of each support boat has valid applicable marine licence
• ensuring that at least one crew member of each support boat is able to swim and provide in-water assistance to a boat and crew in need of assistance
• deciding whether to abandon the race, taking into account the number and competency of skippers and crew who are sailing, prevailing or anticipated weather and tide conditions, the availability and skill of support boat operators and core members of the race management team (refer section 11).
• instructing any sailor to return to the club house if they considered not fit to sail under prevailing conditions, including escorting of the boat if needed.
• ensuring that start and finishing places and times are accurately recorded.

3. Competitors responsibility
a) All competitors taking part in races conducted by the Club do so at their own risk and responsibility, and the Club does not accept responsibility for the Sea Worthiness of any boat whose entry is accepted or the sufficiency or adequacy of its equipment.
b) All new competitors to the club will undertake a basic competency assessment under guidance of the Commodore or delegated member of the Sailing Committee
c) South Brisbane Sailing Club Inc. reserves the right to refuse entry to any race by a skipper, crew or boat considered unseaworthy or insufficient competency to race.
d) Attention is drawn to R.R.S fundamental Rule 4, which states – ” The responsibility for a boat’s decision to participate in a race or to continue racing is hers alone”.
e) Approved Life Jackets or buoyancy vests (PFD’s), will be worn by all skippers and crew as required by Class requirements. Refer to R.R.S. 1.2 / 40 / E1.4.
f) Racing pennants need not be carried.
g) All competitors will follow instructions of the PR.O. and R.O.
4. Protests
a) Protest flags shall be code flag “B”. Protests, set out in writing on the appropriate form, must be accompanied by a fee of $5:00.
b) The Commodore, or in his absence, the Vice Commodore or elected officer present, shall appoint a Committee of five (5) (hereinafter referred to as the Protest Committee), to hear the protest.
c) Any protest must be lodged with the P.R.O. not later than two (2) hours after the last boat has completed the race involving the protest, unless the P.R.O. has reason to extend these limits.
d) A protest shall be convened at the earliest possible opportunity and such meeting may, at the discretion of the Protest Committee, be adjourned from time to time.
e) The Protest Committee may, at its discretion, order the refund of any fee accompanying any Protest.
f) Refer to R.R.S. part (5).
g) Boats of hull length less than 5 metres need not display the flag.

5. Starting signals
a) Races shall start using the following signals. Times shall be taken from the visual signals; the absence of a sound signal shall be disregarded.
Signal Flag and sound Minutes before Starting Signal
Course Flag Red or Green Flag * 10 min. or no less than 6 min.
Warning Class or Division Flag
1 short sound signal 5 min
Preparatory Raise Preparatory Flag (P, I, Z, Z with I, U, or black flag)
1 short sound signal 4 min
One minute Preparator flags removed
1 long sound 1 min
Starting Class or Division flag removed
1 sound 0

*Red Flag Denotes Port Course, all marks must be left to port
Green Flag Denotes Starboard Course, all marks must be left to starboard
b) The committee boat (or starters boat) shall, if required, postpone any start to render assistance, and may move away from the start line after the last fleets’ starting sequence has concluded.

6. Courses
a) Considering apparent weather and tide conditions, courses will be determined on the day by the P.R.O. with such determined course being advised to competitors during the race briefing; a course flag may also be displayed from the flagpole.
b) Standard courses (Addendum 2) may be varied at the discretion of the P.R.O.
c) The P.R.O. shall determine starting and finishing lines.

7. Starting recalls
a) On course side: When at a boat’s starting signal, any part of her hull, crew or equipment is on the course side of the starting line (OCS), she shall sail completely to the pre-start side of the line before starting and be governed by her original preparatory signal. Failing to comply with this instruction will incur a penalty under R.R. S rule 30.1. (Refer also to R.S.S. rule 29) (On course side (OCS))
b) Individual recall: When at a boat’s starting signal, any part of her hull, crew or equipment is on the course side of the starting line, the R.O. shall promptly display code flag X with one sound. The flag shall be displayed until all such boats are completely on the pre-start side of the starting line or its extensions and have complied with rule 29.1 and or rule 30 if applicable.
c) General recall: When at the starting signal the R.O. is unable to identify boats that are on the course side of the starting line or to which rule 30 applies, or there has been an error in the starting procedure, the R.O. may signal a general recall (display the first substitute with two sounds). Any fleet that has been given a general recall by the race committee, shall sail to the pre-start side of the starting line and must not interfere with the next fleet about to start. The warning signal for a recalled fleet will take effect when the last fleet has started. In other words, the re-start for a recalled fleet will be moved to the back of the normal fleet starting sequence.

8. Penalties
a) Starting penalty – Refer I.S.A.F. rule 30. Round-an-End Rule: If flag I has been displayed before, with, or as a boat’s preparatory signal, and any part of her hull, crew or equipment is on the course side of the starting line or it’s extensions during the minute before her starting signal, she shall sail to the pre-start side of the line, crossing and extension around either end, before starting.
b) The R.O. may employ R.R.S. 30.2 and 30.3 with starting signals.
c) For touching a mark – Refer R.R.S. rule 31 and 44.1
d) For breaking rules of Part 2 (when boats meet) – Refer R.R.S. rule 44

9. Time limit
a) If the first boat has not finished the course or the shortened course within three hours, the race will be abandoned.
b) If in the opinion of the R.O., the course or shortened course cannot be completed within the three-hour time limit, the race will be abandoned and the committee boat may inform competitors.
c) If the first boat finishes within three hours, other boats will be timed until 3.5 hours from the start time, after which any boat, which has started and has not finished will be deemed “Did not finish”.
d) At least one lap must be completed within the three-hour limit to count as a race.

10. Shortening of course
a) If in the opinion of the R.O., the course should be shortened, a signal (code flag S and two sounds) will be shown at or near a rounding buoy and the committee boat may inform every competitor verbally. The signals will not be given until the leading boat, as judged by theR.O., has completed one leg of the course. Competitors shall then sail to the finish line observing marks as required. (Refer to R.R.S. rule 32)
b) If in the opinion of the R.O., a shortened course is applicable to a particular fleet only, then the respective class flag shall accompany code flag S.
c) If in the opinion of the R.O., the apparent conditions make it unlikely that competitors will sail to the finish line observing marks as required, then a chequered flag shall accompany code flag S; this implies that competitors shall sail directly to the finish line.
NOTE: This instruction is applicable to courses on Milton reach only.

11. Abandoning the race
a) If in the opinion of the R.O., the apparent conditions make it dangerous for competitors and support boat crew to continue sailing, both support boats will display flag N over H with three sounds and direct all competitors to immediately sail directly to the club house. (Refer RRS 32)
12 . Delayed start
a) The R.O. shall have the power to delay the start of any race if in their opinion weather or any other conditions warrant such a delay.

13. Finishing signal
a) Each boat may be finished with a chequered flag. The finish line will be as indicated in the course instructions or as advised.
b) After crossing the finishing line at the completion of a race, boats shall not interfere with boats that have yet to finish. Breach of this instruction will incur disqualification.

14. Sign on and sign off declaration
a) Skippers will record their declaration of intention to sail, and to observe and race in accordance with the R.R.S and these Sailing Instructions by signing on before the race.
b) Skippers will sign off within (1) hour of returning to shore.
c) The skipper of a boat retiring from a race is required to record their retirement on the sign off declaration form upon returning to shore.
d) Skippers may delegate their crew to sign on, sign off or record retirement.
e) The sign-on and sign-off declaration forms will be displayed in the clubhouse.
f) For failing to sign off within the allotted time a penalty of disqualification (DSQ) will be incurred.
g) If a skipper does not sign on they will be awarded a score of DNC.

15. Scoring system and yardstick adjustment
a) Scoring for all series including the Club Champion for each class or Division shall be derived by the lowest total aggregate points accumulated for the heats sailed in each series, excluding discards, calculated in accordance with Low Point scoring system of the R.R.S. Appendix A.
NOTE: he number of discarded results permitted in any series will be specified in the Notice of Race.
b) Finishing times will be adjusted using a yardstick based on, but not necessarily the same as, Class Yardsticks notified by Yachting Victoria.
c) Class yardsticks adopted for each season are applicable to all boats and all classes sailed at the club.
d) Class yardsticks will not be varied during the season
e) Aggregate points and handicap points for each series will be calculated and accumulated for a Skipper for each Yardstick Class (e.g. Laser Radial / Standard / 4.7) sailed.
(i) Where a skipper changes boats within the same yardstick class, the handicap and accumulated points will be transferred with the Skipper.
(ii) If a Skipper sails multiple yardstick classes of boats, the Skipper shall have a separate aggregated points and handicap for each yardstick class of boat.
(iii) Points for each Skipper / Yardstick Class sailed will be recorded and accumulated separately for each Class / Division and for each series competed.
f) Class yardsticks for the season will be notified not less than 1 week prior to commencement of the season by issuing of an electronic notice to all members and posting of a Notice of Race on the clubhouse notice board.

16. Scoring abbreviations and penalty scores
a) Scoring abbreviations and the associated awarded points, together with their respective descriptions, are defined as follows.
Any penalty score can be discarded from the accumulated points of a skipper / yardstick class for a race series.
(i) DNC (Did Not Compete)
• A boat that does not attend the race on the day, does not sign on or record an intention to race, is regarded as DNC for that race.
• The skipper of a boat that DNC, shall be awarded one more point than the aggregate number of skipper / yardstick class entries in the series.
A skipper or their delegate who does not sign on will be given a score of DNC
(ii) DNF (Did Not Finish);
• A boat that failed to finish. This includes a retired boat.
• The skipper of a boat that DNF, shall be awarded points, based on the number of skipper / yardstick class entries in the division that finished the race and adding one (1) additional place.
(iii) DNS (Did Not Start);
• A boat has failed to start is a boat intending to race who has signed on, but fails to start for some reason; for example, gear failure.
• The skipper of a boat that DNS, shall be awarded points, based on the number of skipper / yardstick class entries in the division that started the race and adding one (1) additional place.
(iv) DSQ (Disqualified);
• The skipper of a boat that is DSQ for breaching the RRS, shall be penalised by incurring one more point than the number of skipper / yardstick class entries entering the race. (e.g. failure to sign on or sign off, breach of rule).
(v) FGP (Finish Gate Penalty);
• The skipper of a boat that sails through the finishing gate whilst not finishing, shall be scored as Disqualified (DSQ).
(vi) FSO (Failed to Sign Off);
• The skipper of a competing boat failing to sign off, shall be scored as Disqualified (DSQ).
(vii) OCS (On Course Side);
• A boat is on the course side of her starting line at her starting signal and has failed to start, or has broken rule 30.1.
• The skipper of a boat that does not exonerate herself, will be penalised by disqualification (DSQ).
(viii) RMD (Race Management Duties);
• For the initial RMD, a skipper who forfeits competing in a race to volunteer for essential Race Management Duties, will be entitled to points equivalent to the average points incurred for all races in a series that have contested,
• but excluding races that may have attracted a disqualification.
• For subsequent RMD a skipper who forfeits competing in a race to volunteer for essential Race Management Duties, will be awarded points equivalent to DNF.
Race management duties include support boat crew or Finisher.

17. Points awarded
a) The points system for the purpose of all series including the Club Championship and Handicap Championship as per R.R.S Appendix A Section A4.1 shall be:
• First place: 1 point
• Second place: 2 points
• Third place: 3 points
• Fourth place: 4 points
• All subsequent places: Add one (1) point per place
b) There is no minimum number of boats required to constitute a fleet. That is, if for some reason only one (1) boat contests a series heat for a constituted Class / Division, then the skipper of that boat shall be awarded points for first place for the heat.

18. Resolution of tied position
a) If there is a series score tie between two or more boats, each boat’s race scores shall be listed in order of best to worst, and at the first point(s) where there is a difference the tie shall be broken in favour of the boat(s) with the best score(s). No excluded scores shall be used
b) If a tie still remains between two or more boats, they shall be ranked in order of their scores in the last race. Any remaining ties shall be broken by using the tied boats’ scores in the next-to-last race in which both boats competed, and so on until all ties are broken.

19. Handicaps
a) Each skipper’s handicap in each yardstick class shall be determined for each race by calculating a percentage performance finish time, in relation to the fastest boat in the Division. These percentage times will be calculated over at least five (5) races. Any skipper that has not competed in a yardstick class at the club before, shall automatically assume the highest possible handicap.
b) Each skippers handicap for a class will carry over from a series to the next series, and from end of one season to the commencement of the next season.

20. Club Championships
a) The number of Championship heats for each season, will be determined by the Sailing Committee, and may differ from season to season as specified in a Notice of Race.
b) The prescribed schedule of Championship heats for a season will be displayed on the clubhouse notice board and distributed to all members at the commencement of the season via a Notice of Race.
c) The Handicap Championship of each Race Division shall be determined by each skipper’s performance in a Yardstick Class over the Club Championship series.
d) Skippers finishing with major prizes in the Club Championship are ineligible for places in the Handicap Championship.
e) Unless three (3) boats enter the club championship no prize shall be given
f) There shall be no second prize unless there are at least five (5) entries and no third prize unless there are at least seven (7) entries.
g) A boat must compete in at least 50% of Club Championship heats to be recognised as an entrant in the Club Championship.
h) The Skipper of a boat must be a full sailing member of the Club to be recognised as an entry in a Club Championship heat.

21. Number of Boats to Constitute a Race Division
a) The minimum number of boats from a class required to constitute a Race Division eligible to contest for the Club Championship and prizes shall be three (3).
b) If there are insufficient boat numbers in a class to constitute a separate Race Division, all boats within the class shall sail and compete within an All Boats Division and contest that Division Championship as determined by the Sailing Committee.
c) Formal applications from representatives of a class may request recognition as a Race Division in its’ own right, for consideration by the Sailing Committee.

22. Notice of Race
a) A Notice of Race advising interpretation of Sailing Instructions for a season will be posted on the club notice board and distributed to all members prior to commencement of the season.
b) The Notice of Race will include but is not limited to:
a) Rules for the sailing season
b) Any variation to Club Sailing Instructions
c) Advertising on boats
d) Eligibility and entry
e) Race fees
f) Race schedule, including Series titles, Class allocations to Divisions, Dates of Championship Heats and Social Heats
g) Class yardsticks
h) Racing Area and Venue
i) Courses
j) Penalty system
k) Scoring system
l) Prizes
m) Disclaimer of Liability

23. Approval
These Sailing Instructions were endorsed by the SBSC Sailing Committee (as listed) on 26 June 2018
• Mary-Ann Pattison (Commodore and Chair of Sailing Committee),
• Robert Preston (Vice Commodore and Race Secretary),
• Andrew Verrall (Rear Commodore),
• Trevor Nobbs (Race Officer Representative),
• Margot Henry (Finisher),
• Nev Murray (NS14 / Division 1 Representative),
• Philip Green (Laser / Division 1 Representative),
• Chris Carey (Heron Representative)
• Steve Fletcher (Club President),
• Bill Rochaix (Club Secretary)